Who We Are
The North East sub-region has been a hot-bed of violent conflicts of various colorations: ethnic, religious and communal. Examples include the Dumne crisis in Adamawa State in 2002, Numan crisis also in Adamawa State in 2003, Bambam crisis in Gombe State in 2003, Jukun-Tiv crisis of 2004 in Taraba State, the Maitatsine crisis of 1981, 1982, 1983 and the Boko Haram crisis of 2009. Problems of HIV/AIDS, maternal/child mortality, environmental degradation, leadership crises and ravaging poverty have continued to be on the increase in the region. In spite of these constant conflicts within the sub-region, there is dearth of institutional mechanisms to manage the crises and address the problems.
Moreover, the northeast geo-political zone shares borders with three different countries and is prone to cross-border conflicts and crimes. It is in this light that the need for a Research Centre that will focus on the areas highlighted above became imperative. This led to creation of the Centre for Peace, Diplomatic and Development Studies (CPDDS) as a research and training unit in the University of Maiduguri in 2005.
The Centre seeks to achieve its aims through focused and well-formulated programmes and activities which are undertaken through collaborations with other organizations with similar objectives. Being a non – profit making organization, the Centre operates as a relatively autonomous organ within the University’s organizational structure although it is subject to the University’s regulations in respect of financial accountability and academic standards.
To conduct research and facilitate capacity building training and advocacy in peace, security, good governance and development.
Towards a peaceful, tolerant, stable, progressive and well developed society in Nigeria generally and in the northeast sub-region specifically.
Aims & Objectives of the Centre
The Centre for Peace Diplomatic and Development Studies (CPDDS) was established in 2006 as a premier unit of the University of Maiduguri to conduct research and facilitate capacity building, training and advocacy in peace, security, good governance and development. The central objectives of the Centre are to:
- foster the society’s ability to understand conflict as a basis for conflict management and resolution
- facilitate research on aspects of peace and conflict management, security, good governance and development issues such as poverty, gender and human rights
- build capacity and expertise in conflict monitoring, early warning signal detection, prevention, management and resolution as well as peace enforcement and peace building, good governance and development
- provide a forum for dialogue, seminars, conferences, workshops, roundtable discussions and lectures on conflict management and peace enforcement.
- facilitate the publication and dissemination of monographs, journals and books reflecting the result of research and analysis in matters of conflict, peace, good governance and development,
- act as a resource centre for documentation and information on peace and conflict management, security, good governance and development issues,
- facilitate the constitution of a formidable advocacy on peace and conflict management, security, good governance and development,
- sensitize the public on the activities of the Centre,
- source funds for research and training purpose,
- engage in partnership with media and other organization and
- provide consultancy services as they concern peace and conflict management, security, good governance and development issues.
The Centre responded to the various security changes and challenges facing the Northeast region in particular and indeed the entire nation over the past decade significantly through various activities including the commencement of graduate Degree programmes in Peace and conflict studies. Today, CPDDS continues to provide a resource base for the northeast region on peace and conflict that originally motivated its establishment.
Successes & Achievements
The successes and achievements of the Centre include:
- Carrying out components of the Five-year Nigeria Stability and Reconciliation Project (NSRP) funded by the U.K Department for International Development (DFID) and coordinated by the British Council in Nigeria. The CPDDS specifically carried out five studies under this programme. These include:
- A Study on Community Conflict Management Mechanism (CCMM) in Borno and Yobe in February - April 2012.
- A Cohort Study of Vulnerable Groups - women and children in Borno and Yobe States – April/May 2013.
- NSRP Mapping Study on Employment and Empowerment Programmes in Borno and Yobe States between June and August 2013.
- Mapping of the conflict over land and water use in Borno and Yobe States – August to October 2013.
- Study on Civilian JTF (Joint Task Force) in Borno State between August and October 2013.
- Signing an Agreement with the MacArthur Foundation (Nigeria office) in 2013 on a five-year programme of intervention on the security challenges in the northern states of Nigeria (research, policy dialogue, capacity building and public enlightenment on security challenges and human rights).
- Commencing work on the Three Hundred Thousand Dollars ($300,000US) grant by the MacArthur Foundation (Nigeria office) for a 5-year programme of intervention on the security challenges in the Northern States of Nigeria (involving research, policy dialogue, capacity building and public enlightenment on security challenges and Human Rights). So far, the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars ($150,000US) has been released for the programme. Activities carried out include Stakeholder dialogues in Kano and Gombe states. Subsequent dialogues are slated to hold in Yola and Abuja soon.
- Organizing a capacity building training on health and development for senior public officials in Taraba State in 2007.
- Conducting research on the Development potentials of the six States in the North¬east region in 2007/2008 – Professor J.P. Dada (University Research Grant).
- Preparing a Situational Report on Personnel Administration in Yobe State in October 2010.
- Organizing its 1st International Conference on Peace and Development in 2006.
- Organizing its 2nd International Conference on Peace, Security, Human Rights and Development in the 21st Century in 2010.
- Publishing a book titled The Challenges of Peace and Good Governance in Nigeria (2007) being the Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Peace and Development.
- Publishing Maiduguri Journal of Peace and Development Studies, Volume 1 No. 1 Jan-June 2007 and Volume 1 No. 2 July-December 2007.
- Published Maiduguri Journal of Peace, Diplomatic and Development Studies Volume 2 No. 1 January-June 2009 and Volume 2 No. 2 July ¬ December 2009.
- Publishing Maiduguri Journal of Peace, Diplomatic and Development Studies, Volume 3 Nos. 1 and 2 January-June/July-December 2011.
- Publishing a two-volume book, Peace, Security, Human Rights and Development in the 21st Century 2010, being the proceedings of the CPDDS' 2nd National Conference on Peace, Security, Human Rights and Development in the 21st Century held in February 2010.
- Coordinating the B.Sc. (Hons) degree programme in Peace and Conflict Studies under the auspices of the Distance Learning Programme of the University of Maiduguri.
- Twice hosting the INEC Study Group on the 2011 General Elections (North East Zone).
- The third stage of the Cohort Study (Youth and Women) in Damaturu, Biu and MMC/Jere which commenced in July 2015 has been completed in Damaturu, MMC and Jere, and Biu. The reports have already been forwarded to the NSRP Programme Office in Abuja.
- The Centre has also conducted a rapid Assessment of the Market Systems in the Post Insurgency Era in the Lake Chad Basin (LCB) for the North East Regional Initiative (NERI) between March and April, 2018.
- The Centre convenes of Community Peace and Safety Partnership (CPSP) funded by the European Union/British Council’s Managing Conflict in North Eastern Nigeria (MCN). The Centre now manages four (4) local governments for MCN. They are; Bayo, Biu, Hawul and Kwaya Kusar Local Government Areas.
Personnel at the Centre
At present, the Centre has a Director, Deputy Director and five (5) programme coordinators;
- Coordinator, conflict management, peace building and diplomacy,
- Coordinator, training, research, publication and documentation,
- Coordinator gender, poverty and environment
- Coordinator good governance and human rights
- Coordinator programmes
There are four (4) Research Fellows at the Centre.
One Deputy Registrar, a Principal Assistant Registrar, an Administrative Officer and an Assistant Executive Officer provides administrative backup for the Centre.
The Centre’s specialized library is headed by a graduate of Library Science (BLS).
Activities carried out by the Centre
In addition to a multitude of activities carried out earlier, the Centre has carried out components of the five-year Nigeria Stability and Reconciliation Project (NSRP) funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and coordinated by the British Council in Nigeria. The Centre also received a grant from the MacArthur Foundation and is currently engaging in various intervention strategies on the security challenges in the Northern states of Nigeria. The Centre also carried out a research on “An Assessment of Market Systems in post insurgency Era in the Lake Chad Basin” funded by North East Regional Initiative (NERI).
The Centre has a Journal which it publishes biannually; the Maiduguri Journal of Peace, Diplomatic and Development Studies.
Activities currently ongoing
The Centre is the convener of the Community Peace and Safety Partnership (CPSP) in four (4) local governments ( Biu, Hawul, Kwaya Kusar and Bayo) under the Managing Conflict in North Eastern Nigeria (MCN) project funded by the European Union, the Centre is also engaging with the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) in developing a curriculum for Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS). The MacArthur Foundation grant is ongoing and would be concluded in early 2020.
The Centre is partnering with Nextier SPD (Security, Peace and Development) on research and policy formulation geared towards finding solutions to development issues. The International Rescue Committee (IRC) has also signed an agreement with the Centre to carry out a Rapid Assessment of Knowledge, Practice and Coverage (KPC) survey on health systems strengthening in Borno state.
The Centre commenced and have registered students for the following graduate programmes during the 2019/2020 Academic Session:
- Ph.D in Peace and Conflict Studies
- M.Sc. in Peace and Conflict Studies
- Masters Degree in Humanitarian and Refugee Studies (MHRS)
- Masters Degree in Peace Building and Development (MPBD)
- Postgraduate Diploma in Peace and Conflict Studies (PGDPCS)
B.Sc Degree in Peace and Conflict Studies
The Centre coordinated the B.Sc Degree in Peace and Conflict Studies under the auspices of the Distance Learning Programme. However the programme has been temporarily suspended.
B.Sc. Degree in Development Studies
The Centre is currently finalizing the draft curriculum for a B.Sc Degree in Development Studies. However, the challenges faced in respect of the B.Sc programme in Peace and conflict studies remain relevant and would have to be addressed.