The North East sub-region has been a hot-bed of violent conflicts of various colorations: ethnic, religious and communal. Examples include the Dumne crisis in Adamawa State in 2002, Numan crisis also in Adamawa State in 2003, Bembem crisis in Borno State in 2003, Jukun-Tiv crisis of 2004 in Taraba State, the Maitatsine crisis of 1981, 1982, 1983 and the Boko Haram crisis of 2009. Problems of HIV/AIDS, maternal/child mortality, environmental degradation, leadership crises and ravaging poverty have continued to be on the increase in the region. In spite of these constant conflicts within the sub-region, there is dearth of institutional mechanisms to manage the crises and address the problems.
Moreover, the northeast geo-political zone shares borders with three different countries and is prone to cross-border conflicts and crimes. It is in this light that the need for a Research Centre that will focus on the areas highlighted above became imperative. This led to creation of the Centre for Peace, Diplomatic and Development Studies (CPDDS) as a research and training unit in the University of Maiduguri in 2005.
The Centre seeks to achieve its aims through focused and well-formulated programmes and activities which are undertaken through collaborations with other organizations with similar objectives. Being a non – profit making organization, the Centre operates as a relatively autonomous organ within the University’s organizational structure although it is subject to the University’s regulations in respect of financial accountability and academic standards.
Towards a peaceful, tolerant, stable, progressive and well developed society in Nigeria generally and in the northeast sub-region specifically.
To conduct research and facilitate capacity building training and advocacy in peace, security, good governance and development
Aim and Objectives of the Centre
The aim of the Centre is to promote peace, security, good governance and development in Nigeria at large and the northeast sub-region in particular.
The central objectives of the Centre are:
- to foster the society's ability to understand conflict as a basis for conflict management and resolution,
- to facilitate research on aspects of peace and conflict management, security, good governance and development issues such as poverty, gender and human rights,
- to build capacity and expertise in conflict monitoring, early warning signal detection, prevention, management and resolution as well as peace enforcement and peace building, good governance and development,
- to provide a forum for dialogue, seminars, conferences, workshops roundtable discussions and lectures on conflict management and peace enforcement, good governance and development issues (poverty, gender, human rights) through popular media,
- to facilitate the publication and dissemination of monographs, journals and books reflecting the result of research and analysis in matters of conflict, peace, good governance and development,
- to act as a resource centre for documentation and information on peace and conflict management, security, good governance and development issues,
- to facilitate the constitution of a formidable advocacy on peace and conflict management, security, good governance and development,
- to sensitize the public on the activities of the Centre,
- to source funds for research and training purpose,
- to engage in partnership with media and other organization and
- to provide consultancy services as they concern peace and conflict management, security, good governance and development issues.
Activities of the Centre
The scope of activities of the Centre includes:
- Research, publication and dissemination of matters relating to peace and conflict management, security, good governance and development
- Organizing seminars, symposia, workshops, roundtable discussion, lectures and conferences
- Training and capacity building programmes
- Awareness and sensitization programmes
- Partnership building
- Funding of researches and training
Over a ten-year period, the Centre conducted a series of international conferences and research projects on a wide range of issues that border on its set objectives.
Units in the Centre
The Centre has four Units designed to provide specialization in the various areas of focus of the Centre. These are:
- Conflict Management and Peace Building
- Training, Research, Publication and Documentation
- Good Governance and Human Rights
- Gender, Poverty and Environment
The Centre currently has one (01) Director; Deputy Director one (01), four (04) Coordinators; and seven (07) Administrative staff.
Successes and Achievements
The successes and achievements of the Centre include:
- Carrying out components of the Five-year Nigeria Stability and Reconciliation Project (NSRP) funded by the U.K Department for International Development (DFID) and coordinated by the British Council in Nigeria. The CPDDS specifically carried out five studies under this programme. These include:
- A Study on Community Conflict Management Mechanism (CCMM) in Borno and Yobe in February - April 2012
- A Cohort Study of Vulnerable Groups - women and children in Borno and Yobe States – April/May 2013 A Cohort Study of Vulnerable Groups - women and children in Borno and Yobe States – April/May 2013
- NSRP Mapping Study on Employment and Empowerment Programmes in Borno and Yobe States between June and August 2013
- Mapping of the conflict over land and water use in Borno and Yobe States – August to October 2013
- Study on Civilian JTF (Joint Task Force) in Borno State between August and October 2013
- Signing an Agreement with the MacArthur Foundation (Nigeria office) in 2013 on a five-year programme of intervention on the security challenges in the northern states of Nigeria (research, policy dialogue, capacity building and public enlightenment on security challenges and human rights).
- Commencing work on the Three Hundred Thousand Dollars ($300,000US) grant by the MacArthur Foundation (Nigeria office) for a 5-year programme of intervention on the security challenges in the Northern States of Nigeria (involving research, policy dialogue, capacity building and public enlightenment on security challenges and Human Rights). So far, the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars ($150,000US) has been released for the programme. Activities carried out include Stakeholder dialogues in Kano and Gombe states. Subsequent dialogues are slated to hold in Yola and Abuja soon.
- Organizing a capacity building training on health and development for senior public officials in Taraba State in 2007
- Conducting research on the Development potentials of the six States in the Northeast region in 2007/2008
- Preparing a Situational Report on Personnel Administration in Yobe State in October 2010
- Organizing its 1st International Conference on Peace and Development in 2006
- Organizing its 2nd International Conference on Peace, Security, Human Rights and Development in the 21st Century in 2010
- Publishing a book titled The Challenges of Peace and Good Governance in Nigeria (2007) being the Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Peace and Development
- Publishing Maiduguri Journal of Peace and Development Studies, Volume 1 No. 1 Jan-June 2007 and Volume 1 No. 2 July-December 2007
- Published Maiduguri Journal of Peace, Diplomatic and Development Studies Volume 2 No. 1 January-June 2009 and Volume 2 No. 2 July December 2009
- Publishing Maiduguri Journal of Peace, Diplomatic and Development Studies, Volume 3 Nos. 1 and 2
- Publishing a two-volume book, Peace, Security, Human Rights and Development in the 21st Century 2010, being the proceedings of the CPDDS' 2nd National Conference on Peace, Security, Human Rights and Development in the 21st Century held in February 2010
- Coordinating the B.Sc. (Hons) degree programme in Peace and Conflict Studies under the auspices of the Distance Learning Programme of the University of Maiduguri
- Twice hosting the INEC Study Group on the 2011 General Elections (North East Zone)
- The third stage of the Cohort Study (Youth and Women) in Damaturu, Biu and MMC/Jere which commenced in July 2015 has been completed by the following researchers: Dr. Yagana Bukar of the Department of Geography (Damaturu); Dr. Ibrahim Umara of the Department of Political Science (MMC and Jere); Dr. Salaah Yakubu Ibrahim of the Department of Public Administration (Biu) and their Research Assistants. The reports have already been forwarded to the NSRP Programme Office in Abuja
- 1. Preparations for the conduct of stakeholder meetings under the MacArthur Foundation Programme in Yola and Abuja, FCT
- 2. Preparations for the conduct of the quarterly SCMA meetings for 2016
Library of the Centre
The Centre has a dedicated Library that houses a unique collection of Library materials with particular emphasis on the objectives of the Centre. It is hoped that he Centre will be able to link the Library with other sources (both internal and external) through the virtual Library being put in place by the NUC.