The subject matter of Peace and Conflict studies requires an understanding of the causes and nature of incessant conflicts and proliferation of violence in Societies. It requires an appreciation of the character of the State and Society and complex interactions among the complexities and heterogeneous nature of societies. Issues relating to the vulnerability of the state to potential threats to human and internal Security, violence, social, political and economic, post-election violence, justice system, cultural violence etc are recurring themes in peace and conflict studies. Entrants into the field of conflict and peace studies require an appreciation of these basic precepts. The PGDPCS is thus designed to provide broad foundation and exposure to students on these basics.
The philosophy for the programme is to prepare graduate from different background of areas of specializations and some who want to complement their deficiency in related areas of study. At the end of the study they will serve as pool of prospective scholars, manpower development for public and private institutions.
The vision of the programme is to be a Centre of excellence for students in the field of conflict and peace studies through the provision of an ideal learning platform.
The mission of the programme is to produce resourceful graduates with expertise and competence in conflict management and peace building techniques.
The objectives of the programme are to:
The Nomenclature for Diploma is Postgraduate Diploma in Peace and Conflict Studies: Post Graduate Diploma (PGD)
The criteria for admission into the Programme will be as follows:
Full-Time PGD shall run for a minimum of two (2) Semesters and a maximum of four (4) Semesters.
The programme shall be a full time programme including coursework and research.
Compulsory Courses (PGD Programme)
Candidate must register and pass all the following compulsory courses (24 Units):
|S/No.||Course Code||Course Title||Units||Semester|
|1.||PCS 701||Research Methodology||2||1st|
|2.||PCS 702||Practical skills in Conflict Management||2||2nd|
|3.||PCS 703||Religions, Peace and Conflict||2||1st|
|4.||PCS 704||Introduction to Human Security||2||2nd|
|5.||PCS 705||Media, Diversity and Conflict||2||1st|
|6.||PCS 706||Poverty, Underdevelopment and Conflict||2||2nd|
|7.||PCS 707||Social Movements in Africa||2||1st|
|8.||PCS 708||Ethnic Violence and Conflict Resolution||2||2nd|
|9.||PCS 709||Theories and Concepts in Peace and Conflicts Studies||2||1st|
|10.||PCS 799||Project||6||1st & 2nd|
Candidate must register and pass a minimum of five courses (8 Units) from the following optional courses:
|S/No.||Course Code||Course Title||Units||Semester|
|1.||PCS 710||Fundamentals of Peacebuilding and Development Studies||2nd||2nd|
|2.||PCS 711||Early Warning System in Conflict and Disaster Management||2nd||1st|
|3.||PCS 712||Preventive Peacebuilding||2||2nd|
|4.||PCS 713||Conceptual and theoretical issues in Humanitarian and Refugee Studies||2||1st|
|5.||PCS 714||Problems and Management of Internally Displaced Persons||2||2nd|
TOTAL = 32 Units
PCS 701: Research Methodology (2 Units)
Basic concepts in research method; Research sources and materials i.e. primary sources, such as official publications, speeches memoirs - secondary sources, such as books, articles, periodicals, newspaper; Emphasis on social research methodologies such as survey and field research, questionnaire design, content and textual analyses, analysis of existing data, focus group, individual and group observation (including participatory observation) etc.; Data collection and data analysis and reporting; Ethical issues in social research, covering such topics as voluntary participation, anonymity and confidentiality and the need to adhere to professional code of ethics; Basics of analysing research data.
PCS 702: Practical skills in Conflict Management (2 Units)
Practical skills on how to manage, resolve and transform conflicts, strategies for designing third party intervention and doing facilitative, negotiation and mediation works. The role of international agencies and Local NGOs, CBOs etc.
PCS 703: Religions, Peace and Conflict (2 Units)
Issues of religion and religious conflicts can no longer be localised. Apart from the fact that religions are universal phenomena, religious conflicts are today shaping world politics internationally. The crises in the middle East, the tension between the west and the Arab nations, Inter/intra religious conflicts in Nigeria such as the maitasine crises, Surfism movements, Boko Haram uprising etc. on the other hand religion can also be an instrument of peace therefore a global understanding of the discourse of religion is imperative.
PCS 704: Introduction to Human Security (2 Units)
It focuses on the challenges but compliments the state-centre conception of ‘security’. A wide range of discourse bordering on definitions, critiques and counter critiques across a wide range of academic and development on human security and relationship to emergence of conflict and the consolidation of peace.
PCS 705: Media, Diversity and Conflict (2 Units)
It set out its target on Journalist and media professionals, explanatory review of the role of the media in reporting local, national and international conflicts and its impact on escalation and de-escalation dynamics in conflicts and peace-making processes. Students will be equipped with the skills to do conflict sensitive analysis and reportage of events with a view to building peace.
PCS 706: Poverty, Underdevelopment and Conflict (2 Units)
The world over, and especially in Africa, conflicts are intrinsically associated with issues of poverty and underdevelopment. The course is therefore designed to expose students to the nexus between poverty and underdevelopment on one hand and conflict on the other.
PCS 707: Social Movements in Africa (2 Units)
The history, context and development of social movements propelled by different groups that stand in opposition or in alterity to officialdom and the state. It also examine the role of revolutionary movements such as African National Congress (ANC) IN South Africa, MPLA of Angola, ZANU-PF in Zambabwe, Mau-Mau of Kenya, Polisario movement of Saharawi Democratic Republic including contemporary development in the Magreb and North Africa.
PCS 708: Ethnic Violence and Conflict Resolution (2 Units)
Ethnical and philosophical issues in obedience to peaceful co-existence, rebellion and ethnic-driven violence, pattern of resources allocation/distribution, character of power sharing,; theories of political violence; behavioural approach, the contribution Marxism and imperialism, the organisation, objectives, motivations and action of ethnic and other group involved in low intensity operations; modalities, pattern and processes of conflict resolution; the varying contents conflict bargaining, negotiation and resolution and condition for minimizing insurgency and counter insurgency.
PCS 709: Theories and Concepts in Peace and Conflicts Studies (2 Units)
Major theories of social conflicts, concept in peace and conflict studies, types of conflict, sources of conflicts, stags of conflict, conflict handling styles; and case studies. It examines relationship between conflicts and stability, conflict and socio economic and political development in Nigeria and other war torn countries in Africa etc.
PCS 710: Fundamentals of Peacebuilding and Development Studies (2 Units)
Conceptual distinction between’ peacebuilding’ and peace-making, peace-keeping and preventive diplomacy. Perspective on the concept of peacebuilding, issues associated with both content, contextand problems of reconciliation, reconstruction and rehabilitation.
PCS 711: Early Warning System in Conflict and Disaster Management (2 Units)
Understanding the linkages between conflict diagnosis and conflict prevention and disaster management; role of triggers in conflicts and disaster anticipation, strategy for designing humanitarian early warning systems and lack of effective international mechanism for enforcing appropriate response to early warning.
PCS 712: Preventive Peacebuilding (2 Units)
The role of policies NGOs , business, individuals, the media etc in preventing conflicts and monitoring Early Warning Signs of conflicts. The training and modus operandi of “peace monitors” .The works of WANEP in West Africa will be considered.
PCS 713: Conceptual and theoretical issues in Humanitarian and Refugee Studies (2 Units)
Major conceptual and theoretical issues in studying humanitarian and refugee problems in the context of globalization, including contradiction between the new impulse towards humanitarian intervention and the old idea of national sovereignty ; redefinition of security to include other broader and non-military issues; multi track diplomacy; refugee warehousing, politics of humanitarian aid; systems theory applied to governance at global, regional and national levels.
PCS 714: Problems and Management of Internally Displaced Persons (2 Units)
Problems and management of internal displaced persons within states and regions, resulting from armed conflict, internal strife and violation of human rights and disasters with emphasis on children and other vulnerable groups; a critical look at the capacity and willingness of governments to address the human security needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and how the responses can be better enhanced including psychological dimensions.
PCS 799: Project (6 Units)
This is a programme of individual research bearing on each student's intended areas or field of specialization. The focus of the student's research is expected to be on generating new ideas on the subfields of peace and conflict studies.