cpdds@unimaid.edu.ng

Course Overview

The proposed Professional Master of Peace Building and Development Studies (MPBD) programme is informed by the lingering security challenges which cut across the country and the continent such as the Boko Haram insurgency in North East Nigeria and other forms of violent conflict in Nigeria and beyond. The programme is also designed on account of the imperative of providing strong research, training, consultancy, and monitoring support for regional initiatives in the political and military sphere of conducting independent studies for anticipating crisis explosion based on humanitarian early-warning signals and working out sound preventive measures aimed at crisis prevention and resolution. The initiative for the establishment of PMPB Degree Programme is a timely response to the urgent need and demands of the society. The proposed establishment of PMPB Degree Programme at the Centre is an appropriate response to the issues of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and refugees as a result of the Boko Haram insurgency in the North East.


Philosophy

The aim of the programme is to promote research in the area of Humanitarian and Refugee Studies, good governance and development in Northeast sub-region in Nigeria and the Lake Chad region.


Vision

The aim of the programme is to produce professionals and experts in peacebuilding and conflict studies with a view to achieving good security and governance that will lead to a meaningful and sustainable development in Nigeria and West African countries. The program intends to educate, train, and empower students to enter roles as agents of peaceful change at community, institutional, and systemic levels.

Mision

To equip students through academic research in peace and conflict studies, and facilitate capacity building and training in peace, security good governance and development.


Aims & Objectives

The aim of PMPB Degree is designed for meeting some of the most urgent needs of the country’s and Africa’s contemporary human security agenda in the area of armed conflict such as the Boko Haram insurgency, farmers-herders conflicts, various forms of agitations across the country and the continent, humanitarian crises and intervention, and refugee management and Peace Building. One of the key objectives is directed at building self-sustaining capacity through peace building and helping to develop professionally trained and competent personnel for implementing policies in the area.

The objectives of the programme are to:

  1. equip students theoretically and practically to generate critical issues in Peace and conflict studies
  2. arm them with adequate theoretical insights to understand peace and conflict related development in the society.
  3. provide students with standard techniques and instruments requisite in conducting researches on current problems in peace studies.
  4. avail students with broad based knowledge of the peace studies terrain and to enable them proffer relevant suggestions and recommendations into the policy making process in the sector.
  5. to educate potential community and institutional leaders and politicians in the peace movements for communities, institutions and organizations.
  6. to train students to become informed and active peace makers in inter-personal, inter-group, inter-faith, inter-regional, continental and international relations.
  7. to prepare students to creatively and skillfully become pillars of dialogue, freedom, respect for human rights, justice and democracy contributing towards developing a culture of peace and non-violence at all levels of society.

Nomenclature of the Degree

The nomenclature of the degree is Professional Master in Peace Building and Development Studies (PMPB)


Entry Requirements

The requirements for the PMPB programme are in accordance with the general regulations governing postgraduate studies of the University of Maiduguri. Applicants seeking admission must:

  1. possess First Class, Second Upper Division or Second Class Lower Division degree in Arts and Social Sciences whose background is Arts and Social Sciences or related field such as Political Science, History, Sociology, Law, Public Administration, Education, etc. from the University of Maiduguri or any other University recognised by the University and with a CGPA of 2.40 or 50% Weighted Average Mark may be considered.
  2. a minimum of Five Ordinary Level Credits in relevant subjects, including English Language and Mathematics in the Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE) or its equivalent.
  3. Candidate with third class degree having at least PGD in Arts and Social Sciences may be considered for admission.

Duration

The duration of the Programme shall be a part time candidate for one academic session (two semesters). Further extension shall be subject to the general guidelines governing postgraduate studies. In all, a candidate is required to pass forty-eight (48 Units) to qualify for graduation.


Course Structrue



The PMBD programme shall be a part time programme including coursework and research.


Compulsory Courses (Masters Programme)

Candidate must register and pass all the following compulsory courses (24 Units):

S/No. Course Code Course Title Units Semester
1. PBD 801 Fundamentals of Peacebuilding and Development Studies 3 1st
2. PBD 802 Practical Skills in third Party Intervention 3 2nd
3. PBD 803 Research Methods in Peace Studies 3 1st
4. PBD 810 Preventive Peace Building 3 1st
5. PBD 811 Peace Education 3 1st
6. PBD 817 Peace Building Seminar 3 1st
7. PBD 820 Internship 3 2nd
8. PBD 822 African Approaches to Conflict Management 3 2nd
9. PBD 899 Dissertation 6 1st & 2nd
TOTAL UNITS 24

Optional Courses

Candidate must register and pass a minimum of five courses (15 Units) from the following optional courses:


S/No. Course Code Course Title Units Semester
1. PBD 804 Peace and Development 3 2nd
2. PBD 805 Conflict Analysis and Intervention 3 1st
3. PBD 806 Introduction to Leadership Studies 3 2nd
4. PBD 807 Workshop Development 3 1st
5. PBD 808 Multi Track Diplomacy 3 2nd
6. PBD 809 Project Management Monitoring and Evaluation 3 1st
7. PBD 812 Communication in Peacebuilding and Development 3 2nd
8. PBD 813 Culture, Development and Peacebuilding 3 1st
9. PBD 814 Creative Arts and Peace Processes 3 2nd
10. PBD 815 Grass roots Management and Mobilisation 3 1st
11. PBD 816 Gender and Peacebuilding in Africa 3 2nd
12. PBD 818 Dynamics of Industrial Conflict and Resolution 3 2nd
13. PBD 819 Practical Capacity Building and Training 3 1st
14. PBD 821 Term Paper 3 1st
15. PBD 823 Ethnic Violence and Conflict Resolution 3 1st
16. PBD 824 Inter religious Conflicts in Nigeria 3 2nd
17. PBD 825 Case Studies in Environmental Conflicts 3 1st
18. PBD 826 Gender, Conflict and Peacebuilding 3 2nd
19. PBD 827 Gender Based Violence 3 1st
TOTAL UNITS 15

Summary:

  1. Compulsory Courses: 08 (24 Units)
  2. Optional Courses: 05 (15 Units)
  3. Dissertation: 06 Units

TOTAL = 45 Units




PBD 801: Fundamentals of Peacebuilding and Development Studies (3 Units)

Conceptual distinction between “Peacebuilding” and peace-making. Peace- keeping and preventive diplomacy. Perspectives on the concept of peace building; distinction between pre-conflict and post-conflict peace building; issues associated with both; contents, contexts and problems of reconciliation, reconstruct ion and rehabilitation. Nexus between peace building and sustainable human development. Case studies. Research methods in Peace Studies.


PBD 802: Practical Skills in Third Party Intervention (3 Units)

Practical skills on how to manage resolve and transform conflicts. Strategies for designing third party interventions and doing facilitative, negotiation and mediation works. The role of international agencies and local NGOs.


PBD 803: Research Methods in Peace Studies (3 Units)

Overview of social research methods and their possible application to peace and development studies. Contents and contexts of qualitative and quantitative research methods, the peculiarities of Action Research Methods; issues associated with pre-field, field and post-field data handling. Practical field assignments.


PBD 804: Peace and Development (3 Units)

A critical examination of how failure in development process creates conflicts; how impact on development conflicts negatively, and; how positive peace can be built through development processes. African case studies.


PBD 805: Conflict Analysis and Intervention (3 Units)

Establishing relationship between conflict analysis and intervention. Emphasis on the narrative, onions, grid, needs/interest, leadership, mapping and other methods of analysis. The role of these tools in peacebuilding shall be critically discussed. Case studies and practical class assignments.


PBD 806: Introductions to Leadership Studies (3 Units)

Basic leadership theories; leadership traditions; the role of leadership in development process and peacebuilding; leadership and reconciliation reconstruction and rehabilitation. Leadership issues in conflict Transformation. A comparative study of transactional, servant and transformational leadership. Emphasis on the nature and challenge of transformational leadership in Peacebuilding and other related issues.


PBD 807: Workshop Development (3 Units)

A clear understanding of how to create, develop and present workshops and training in the field of peacebuilding. Various concepts and principles necessary to create and design workshops for all categories of people will be critically discussed. Development and presentation of workshops by students in class in order to gain experience, have finished product, and get valuable feedback from participants.


PBD 808: Multi-Track Diplomacy (3 Units)

The roles of government, NGOs, business, private citizens, education, funding and media in peacebuilding. A critical examination of inter-organizational collaboration. Case studies.


PBD 809: Project Management Monitoring and Evaluation (3 Units)

Practical work on proposal writing and analysis of how to monitor and evaluate the work. Internal consistency in project planning; establishing neat relationship between input and output; issues in pre-project, project and post-project evaluation; use of questionnaires, oral interviews etc, in monitoring and evaluation. The role of a monitor and evaluator.


PBD 810: Preventive Peacebuilding (3 Units)

The role of policies, NGOs, business, individuals, the media etc, in preventing conflicts and monitoring early warning, signs of conflicts. The training and modus operandi of “peace monitors”. The work of WANEP in West Africa shall be used to illustrate the issues raised in this course.


PBD 811: Peace Education (3 Units)

Formal and non-formal means for promoting peace. Critical review of UNESCO’s “culture of peace” and the peculiar role of education in attaining its objectives. A review of the nature of peace education in universities around the world vis a vis non-formal peace education provided by development agencies in divided societies around the world. Some Nigerian case studies.


PBD 812: Communication in Peacebuilding and Development (3 Units)

The role of verbal and non-verbal communication in peacebuilding. Emphasis on “effective communication” -listening and speaking skills, the use of audio and videotapes, etc. Demonstrations and practical field assignments


PBD 813: Culture, Development and Peacebuilding (3 Units)

A critical examination of how cultural difference could create conflict and how cultural factors can support peacebuilding and sustainable human development. Case studies on religion and ethnicity, The role of inter-cultural education.


PBD 814: Creative Arts and Peace Processes (3 Units)

The role of performing (music, dance, theatre and visual arts, ceramics, painting, carving, etc,) in peacebuilding. References to the concept and practice of “Theatre for Development”, modus operandi of a peace festival. Case Studies.


PBD 815: Grassroots Management and Mobilization (3 Units)

Bottom-up peacebuilding process. The role of traditional political institutions, grassroots organizations, and local governments in peacebuilding. A review of inter-governmental relationship in building and mobilizing for peace at the grassroots level.


PBD 816: Gender and Peacebuilding in Africa (3 Units)

The gendered nature of conflict in Africa and how this impact on peacebuilding processes; gender and post- conflict reconstruction, reconciliation and rehabilitation. A critical study.


PBD 817: Peacebuilding Seminar (3 Units)

The seminar series is designed to prepare students towards conceptualization of seminar topics and developing presentation techniques and skills. Research methods which comprise field experience and or archival research will be emphasised. This seminar deals with current issues in the peacebuilding, which may be theoretically or methodologically oriented. Students are to focus on their peculiar areas of specialization in developing essay for the seminars.


PBD 818: Dynamics of Industrial Conflict and Resolution (3 Units)

Conceptual issues in industrial conflict, types of industrial conflict, community-industry relations, institutions of job regulation and industrial conflict regulation and industrial conflict management. The role of the state, employers’ association, trade union movement and the involvement of other stakeholders in Nigerian industrial relations.


PBD 819: Practical Capacity Building and Training (3 Units)

Practical sessions of training carried out in collaboration with a professional Peace and development body to improve the skill of the Students. Two week intensive workshop designed for practical application of conflict management tools and development activities.


PBD 820: Internship (3 Units)

A three-month internship with a relevant organization to acquire practical knowledge of how to build peace. Students will demonstrate the ability to apply theory to practice and analyze situations, utilizing knowledge from previous course work.


PBD 821: Term Paper (3 Units)

An independent term paper by individual students on any of the related topics. Students must be able to demonstrate the capacity for adequate knowledge of research methodology, in-depth theoretical analysis and practical application of skills acquired as requirement for graduation.


PBD 822: African Approaches to Conflict Management (3 Units)

A critical examination of different traditional methods of handling conflicts in Africa. Identifying how they are different from or similar to western approaches. An appraisal of the dynamics of different models of conflict management as practiced in Africa with emphasis on selected ethnic groups across Africa. Case studies.


HRS 824: Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) in Disaster Management (3 Units)

Concepts, Meaning and contents of Environmental Impact Assessment (ElA). Monitoring soil, vegetation, climate, and water systems. Impact assessment, analysis and documentation. Social and Economic Impact. ElA Implementation, Reporting and review processes. Selected case studies.


PBD 823: Ethnic Violence and Conflict Resolution (3 Units)

Ethnical and philosophical issues in obedience to peaceful co -existence, rebellion and ethnic - driven violence; pattern of resource allocation/distribution; character of power - sharing; theories of political violence; behavioral approaches, the contributions of Marxism and imperialism, the organisation, objectives motivations and action of ethnic and other groups involved in low intensity operations; modalities, pattern and processes of conflict resolution; conditions for minimizing insurgency and counter-insurgency. Case Studies.


PBD 824: Inter-Religious Conflicts in Nigeria (3 Units)

This course critically examines a number of issues in Christian-Muslim relations: the Sharia controversy in Nigeria. Nigeria’s membership of the O.I.C. and similar organizations. It also studies the religious and political undertones of the riots in Kano, Kafanchan, Bauchi, Zangon-Kataf, Kaduna; the reaction of Muslims and Christians to some government policies, the Biblical and Qur’anic principles guiding relations with people of other faiths. Case studies.


PBD 824: Inter-Religious Conflicts in Nigeria (3 Units)

This course critically examines a number of issues in Christian-Muslim relations: the Sharia controversy in Nigeria. Nigeria’s membership of the O.I.C. and similar organizations. It also studies the religious and political undertones of the riots in Kano, Kafanchan, Bauchi, Zangon-Kataf, Kaduna; the reaction of Muslims and Christians to some government policies, the Biblical and Qur’anic principles guiding relations with people of other faiths. Case studies.


PBD 825: Case Studies in Environmental Conflicts (3 Units)

The problem relating to the use of space within the urban and rural settings. Environmental sanitation, noise pollution, nomadic Fulani vs farmers conflicts; oil spillage, dumping of industrial waste.


PBD 826: Gender, Conflict and Peacebuilding (3 Units)

A critical examination of gender issues in conflict and peacebuilding. Issues to be given attention include causes of conflict, stakeholders, conflict progression, impacts and management of conflicts generally. Special attention on issues relating to post conflict peacebuilding and how this affects the reintegration and rehabilitation of men and women.


PBD 827: Gender Based Violence (3 Units)

The manifestation and treatment of the physical, psychological and structural gender-based violence. Case studies will be taken from both “peaceful” and conflict societies in Africa with particular emphasis on war-torn societies.


PBD 899 Dissertation (6 Units)

This is a programme of individual research bearing on each student's field of specialization. The focus of the student's research is expected to be on generating new ideas on the processes peacebuilding and resolution of conflicts.